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A Speech Language Pathologist, Graduated from Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Currently working in King Saud Medica City as Speech Language Pathologist with Adult population.
This paper will discuss Aphasia disorder “Etiology, Classification, Symptoms, Assessment and Treatment” and the role of speech language pathologist. Aphasia is a disorder resulting from damage to the certain parts of the brain that deal with language. The areas of damage are typically called lesions. This disorder can lead to impairments in reading, writing, producing speech and the ability to understand speech. Aphasia typically takes place suddenly after a head injury or stroke, although, some cases can arise over time; a good example of this is when a brain tumor develops. A number of classification systems are used to describe the various presentations of aphasia. The outcome of aphasia varies from person to person. The most predictive indicator of long-term recovery is initial aphasia severity, along with lesion site and size, Other predictors of long-term recovery include age, gender and education level. Speech-language pathologists play a central role in the screening, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of persons with aphasia. The professional roles and activities in speech-language pathology include clinical/educational services (diagnosis, assessment, planning, and treatment); prevention and advocacy; and education, administration, and research. A person with Aphasia can be assessed with: Screening is an invaluable tool in the appropriate referral of persons with aphasia to speech-language pathology services and is an important first step in determining the need for treatment. Assessment can be static (i.e., using procedures designed to describe current levels of functioning within relevant domains) and/or dynamic (i.e., ongoing process using hypothesis-testing procedures to identify potentially successful intervention and support procedures). Assessment protocols can include both standardized, and nonstandardized tools and data sources. Treatment is individualized to address the specific areas of need identified during assessment, including specific goals identified by the person with aphasia and his or her family.