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Aisha Larem is an ORL-HNS Consultant at Qatari nationality. She graduated from Gulf University Otology subspecialty. She is an Associate Program Director and worked as a Fellowship Program Director and is a Clinical Instructor at Weill corneal at Qatar.
Cholesteatoma is considered a benign, expanding and destructive epithelial lesion of the temporal bone that is the result of a multifactorial process. If undetected and left treated, cholesteatoma may lead to significant complications including hearing loss, temporal bone destruction and cranial invasion. Recent advances in imaging modalities have allowed for high sensitivity and specificity in identifying the presence of cholesteatoma. Despite these advances, deficiencies exist around the world with access to health care facilities meaning cholesteatoma remains a serious and challenging entity to manage whether found within the pediatric or adult population. Proper diagnosis and management of each form of cholesteatoma is achieved by a thorough understanding of the etiology, classification, clinical presentation and histology, thereby facilitating prevention, early detection and appropriate treatment. Keywords: Cholesteatoma, Middle ear cholesteatoma, Congenital cholesteatoma, Acquired cholesteatoma